Label: Genius CD - G030 • Format: Cassette Album • Country: Romania • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Folk
Transylvania is a historical region which is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural bordersthe Carpathian mountain rangehistorical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains.
The region of Transylvania is known for the scenery of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.
The Anglosphere commonly associates Transylvania with vampiresthanks to the dominant influence of Bram Stoker 's novel Dracula and the many films the tale inspired. Transylvania has been dominated by several different peoples and countries throughout its history. In AD the Roman Empire conquered the territorysystematically exploiting its resources. After the Roman legions withdrew in AD, it was overrun by a succession of various tribes, bringing it under the control of the CarpiVisigothsHunsGepidsAvars and Slavs.
From 9th to 11th century Bulgarians ruled Transylvania. The Magyars conquered much of Central Europe at the end of the 9th century. The Kingdom of Hungary established partial control over Transylvania inYou Didnt Want Me - Various - Hymns king Stephen Iaccording to legend, defeated the prince named Gyula.
Between [ dubious — discuss ] andTransylvania was a voivodeship in the Kingdom of Hungaryled by a voivode appointed by the King of Hungary. Later, inthe kingdom transformed into the Principality of Transylvaniawhich was ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. I should also add the Romanians who — even though they easily equal any of the others in number The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in Inthe rulers of Transylvania recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold Iand the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire.
The Habsburgs acknowledged Principality of Transylvania as one of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen but the territory of principality was administratively separated We Salute The Skinheads - 7er Jungs - One Pride Fits All  from Habsburg Hungary    and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor's governors.
The Grand Principality of Transylvania was reintroduced 54 years later in The Hungarian revolution against the Habsburgs started in The revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary grew into a war for the total independence from the Habsburg dynasty. Julius Jacob von Haynauthe leader of the Austrian army was appointed plenipotentiary to restore order in Hungary after the conflict.
After a series of serious Austrian defeats inthe empire came close to the brink of collapse. Czar Nicholas I answered, and sent amen strong army with 80, auxiliary forces. Finally, the joint army of Russian and Austrian forces defeated the Hungarian forces. After the restoration of Habsburg power, Hungary was placed under martial law. After the Ausgleich ofthe Principality of Transylvania was once again abolished.
The territory was then turned into Transleithania  an addition to the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire. Romanian intellectuals issued the Blaj Pronouncement in protest. The region was the site of an important battle during World War I, which caused the replacement of the German Chief of Staff, temporarily ceased German offensives on all the other fronts and created a unified Central Powers command under the German Kaiser.
The Proclamation of Union of Alba Iulia was adopted by the Deputies of the Romanians from Transylvania, and supported one month later by the vote of the Deputies of the Another Hit - 3C Legacy - Millennium Playas from Transylvania. The holiday was established after the Romanian Revolutionand marks the unification not only of Transylvania, but also of the provinces of BanatBessarabia and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom.
These other provinces had all joined with the Kingdom of Romania a few months earlier. Inthe Treaty of Trianon established new borders, much of the proclaimed territories became part of Romania. Hungary protested against the new state borders, claiming that they did not follow the real ethnic boundaries, as over 1.
This award did not solve the nationality problem, as over 1. From toTransylvania, along with the rest of Romania, was under a communist regime. This core of historical Transylvania roughly corresponds with nine counties of modern Romania. The plateau is almost entirely surrounded by the EasternSouthern and Romanian Western branches of the Carpathian Mountains.
The area includes the Transylvanian Plain. Other areas to the west and north are widely considered part of Transylvania. In common reference, the Western border of Transylvania has come to be identified with the present Romanian-Hungarian border, settled in the Treaty of Trianon, though geographically the two are not identical.
SinceRomania has been divided into eight development regionsacting as divisions that coordinate and implement socio-economic development at regional level. The most populous cities as of census  metropolitan areasas of  :. Cluj-Napocacommonly known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharestand the seat of Cluj County.
From to and from toit was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania. Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and was designated the European Capital of Culture for the yearalong with the city of Luxembourg and it was formerly the centre of the Transylvanian Saxon culture and between and and —65 was the capital of the Principality of Transylvania.
Between and it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania. Alba Iulia also has historical importance because at the end of World War I, representatives of the Romanian population of Transylvania gathered in Alba Iulia on 1 December to proclaim the union of Transylvania with the Kingdom of Romania.
Sibiu also known historically as Hermannstadt or Nagyszeben. Alba Iuliadefense wall of Alba Carolina Citadel. Official censuses with information on Transylvania's population have been conducted since the 18th century.
The data was published inand this census showed only the overall population 1, inhabitants. In the last quarter of the 19th century, the Hungarian population of Transylvania increased from At the same time, the percentage of Romanian population decreased from Magyarization policies greatly contributed to this shift. The percentage of Romanian majority has significantly increased since the declaration of the union of Transylvania with Romania after Când Eram Copil În Sat - Various - Romanian Folk Collection 4 - Transilvania-Banat War I in The proportion of Hungarians in Transylvania was in steep decline as more of the region's inhabitants Când Eram Copil În Sat - Various - Romanian Folk Collection 4 - Transilvania-Banat into urban areas, where the pressure to assimilate and Romanianize was greater.
According to the results of the Population Census, the total population of Transylvania was 6, inhabitants and the ethnic groups were: Romanians - Someinhabitants 5. The ethnic Hungarian population of Transylvania form a majority in the counties of Covasna Transylvania is rich in mineral resources, notably ligniteironleadmanganesegoldcoppernatural gassaltand sulfur. There are large iron and steelchemical, and textile industries.
Stock raising, agriculturewine production and fruit growing are important occupations. Agriculture is widespread in the Transylvanian Plateauincluding growing cereals, vegetables, viticulture and breeding cattle, sheep, swine, and poultry. Timber is another valuable resource.
The Jiu Valleylocated in the south of Hunedoara Countyhas been a major mining area throughout the Avenasto Trapezimou - PapyrosN - Laisser Passer half of the 19th century and the 20th century, but many mines were closed down in the years following the collapse of the communist regime, forcing the region to diversify its economy.
Transylvanian factories built until over 1, warplanes and over 1, artillery pieces of all types, among others. The culture of Transylvania is complex, due to its varied history. Its culture has been historically linked to both Central Europe and Southeastern Europe ; and it has significant Hungarian see Hungarians in Romania and German see Germans of Romania influences. The latter wrote the novel Ionwhich introduces the reader to a depiction of the life of the peasants and intellectuals of Transylvania at the turn of the 20th century.
Transylvania has a very rich and unique religious history from the other regions of Europe. I Aint Superstitious - Howlin Wolf - The London Howlin Wolf Sessions faiths also are present, including Jews and Muslims.
Under the HabsburgsTransylvania served as a place for "religious undesirables". People who arrived in Transylvania included those that did not conform to the Catholic Church and were sent here forcibly, as well as many religious refugees. Transylvania has a long history of religious tolerance. This has been ensured by its religious pluralism. Christianity is the largest religion in Transylvania.
Transylvania has also been and still is a center for Christian denominations other than Eastern Orthodoxythe form of Christianity that most Romanians follow. As such, there are significant numbers of inhabitants of Transylvania that follow Roman CatholicismGreek Catholicism and Protestantism.
There are also small denominations like adventismJehovah's Witnesses and more. The first heraldic representations of Transylvania date from the 16th century. One of the predominant early symbols of Transylvania was the coat of arms of Sibiu city.
In Levinus Hulsius created a coat of arms for the imperial province of Transylvania, consisting of a shield party per fesswith a rising eagle in the upper field and seven hills with towers on top in the lower field.
He published it in his work "Chronologia", issued in Nuremberg the same year. The seal of Când Eram Copil În Sat - Various - Romanian Folk Collection 4 - Transilvania-Banat the Brave from depicts the territory of the former Dacian kingdom : WallachiaMoldavia and Transylvania: .
The Diet of codified the representation of the privileged nations in Transylvania's coat of arms. The red dividing band was originally not part of the coat of arms. With its success, Transylvania became associated in the English-speaking world with vampires.
Since then it has been represented in fiction and literature as a land of mystery and magic. For example, in Paulo Coelho 's novel The Witch of Portobellothe main character, Sherine Khalil, is described as a Transylvanian orphan with a Romani mother, in an effort to add to the character's exotic mystique.
Among the first actors to portray Dracula in film was Bela Lugosiwho was born in Banat, in present-day Romania. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Transylvania, Romania. For other uses, see Transylvania disambiguation. Historical region of Romania. Coat of arms. Transylvania proper. Main article: Historical names of Transylvania. Main article: Când Eram Copil În Sat - Various - Romanian Folk Collection 4 - Transilvania-Banat of Transylvania.
Ruins of Sarmizegetusa Regia.
First Spring - Scott Tuma - Hard Again / The River (Vinyl, LP, Album, LP, Album), Where The Cold Winds Blow - Winds - Prominence And Demise, Университетский вальс - Various - Альбом Танцев, Beyond The Gates Of Infinity - Rhapsody - Metal Collection, Ehre Sei Gott In Der Höhe - Händel* – Gundula Janowitz, Marga Hoeffgen*, Ernst Haefliger, Franz Cras