III. Concerto In E-Flat Major For Two Horns, Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann, Austrian
Label: Musical Heritage Society - MHS 641/642 • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Album, Stereo Gatefold • Country: US • Genre: Classical • Style: Baroque
Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family's wishes. After studying in MagdeburgZellerfeldand HildesheimTelemann entered the University of Leipzig to study law, but eventually settled on a career in music. He held important positions in LeipzigSorauEisenachand Frankfurt before settling in Hamburg inwhere he became musical director of that city's five main churches.
While Telemann's career prospered, his personal life was always troubled: his first wife died only a few months after their marriage, and his second wife had extramarital affairs and accumulated a large gambling debt before leaving him.
Telemann is one of the most prolific composers in history  at least in terms of surviving oeuvre  and was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the leading German composers of the time—he was compared favorably both to his friend Johann Sebastian Bachwho made Telemann the godfather and namesake of his son Carl Philipp Emanueland to George Frideric Handelwhom Telemann also knew personally.
As part of his duties, he wrote a considerable amount of music for educating organists under his direction. This includes 48 chorale preludes and 20 small fugues modal fugues to accompany his chorale harmonizations for hymns. His music incorporates French, Italian, and German national styles, and he was at times even influenced by Polish popular music.
He remained at the forefront of all new musical tendencies, and Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann music stands as an important link between the late Baroque and early Classical styles. The Telemann Museum in Hamburg is dedicated to him.
The future composer received his first music lessons at 10, from a local organist, and became immensely Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann in music in general, and composition in particular.
Despite opposition from his mother and relatives, who forbade any musical activities, Telemann found it possible to study and compose in secret, even creating an opera at age Inafter studies at the Domschule in Magdeburg and at a Austrian in ZellerfeldTelemann was sent to the famous Gymnasium Andreanum at Hildesheimwhere his musical talent flourished, supported by school authorities, including the rector himself.
Telemann was becoming equally adept both at composing and performing, teaching himself flute, oboe, violin, viola da gamba, recorder, double bass, and other instruments.
In he graduated from the Gymnasium and went to Leipzig to become a student at the Leipzig Universitywhere he intended to study law. He ended up becoming a professional musician, regularly composing works for Nikolaikirche and even St. Thomas Thomaskirche.
Prodigiously productive, Telemann supplied a wealth of new music for Leipzig, including several operas, one of which was his first major opera, Germanicus. However, he became engaged in a conflict with the cantor of the Thomaskirche, Johann Kuhnau. The conflict intensified when Telemann started employing numerous students for his projects, including those who were Kuhnau's, from the Thomasschule.
His career there was cut short in early by the hostilities of the Great Northern Warand after a short period of travels he entered the service of Duke Johann Wilhelmin Eisenach where Johann Sebastian Bach was born. During his tenure at Eisenach, Telemann wrote a great deal of music: at least four annual cycles of church cantatas, dozens of sonatas and Austrian, and other works. Their daughter was born in January The mother died soon afterwards, leaving Telemann depressed and distraught.
Catherine's Church. In Frankfurt, he fully gained his mature personal style. Here, as in Leipzig, he was a powerful force in the city's musical life, creating music for two major churches, civic ceremonies, and III.
Concerto In E-Flat Major For Two Horns ensembles and musicians. By he had adopted the use of the da capo ariawhich had been adopted by composers such as Domenico Scarlatti.
Operas such as Narcisowhich was brought to Frankfurt inwritten in the Italian idiom of composition, made a mark on Telemann's output. On 28 Augustthree Street Dreams (Instrumental) - Nas - Apocalypse Nas: Prelude To.
Stillmatic (Instrumental & A Capp after his first wife had died, Telemann married his second wife, Maria Catharina Textor, daughter of a Frankfurt council clerk.
They eventually had nine children together. This was a source of much personal happiness, and helped him produce compositions.
Telemann continued to be extraordinarily productive and successful, even augmenting his income by working for Eisenach employers as a Kapellmeister von Haus austhat is, regularly sending new music while not actually living in Eisenach. Austrian first published works also appeared during the Frankfurt period. His output increased rapidly, for he fervently composed overture-suites and chamber music, most of which is unappreciated. The composer, however, was still ambitious and wishing for a better post, so in he accepted the invitation to work in Hamburg as Kantor of the Johanneum Lateinschuleand music director of the five largest churches.
Soon after arrival, Telemann encountered some opposition from church officials who found his secular music and activities to be too much of a distraction for both Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann himself and the townsfolk.
The next year, when Johann Kuhnau died and the city of Leipzig was looking for a new ThomaskantorTelemann applied for the job and was approved, yet declined after Hamburg authorities agreed to give him a suitable raise.
Telemann took a few small trips outside of Germany at this time. However, later in the Hamburg period he traveled to Paris and stayed for eight months, into From then on, he incorporated the French operatic style into his vocal works. Before then, his influence was primarily Italian and German. A vocal masterpiece of this period is his St Luke Passion fromwhich is a prime example of his fully matured vocal style. His first years there were plagued by marital troubles: his wife's infidelity, and her gambling debts, which amounted to a sum larger than Telemann's annual income.
The composer was saved from bankruptcy by the efforts of his friends, and by Austrian numerous successful music and poetry publications Telemann made during the years to By husband and wife were no longer living together because of their financial disagreements. Although still active and fulfilling the many duties of his job, Telemann became less productive in the s, for he was in his 60s.
He took up theoretical studies, as well as hobbies such as gardening and cultivating exotic III. Concerto In E-Flat Major For Two Horns, something of a fad in Hamburg at that time, and a hobby shared by Handel. Most of the music of the s appears to have been parodied from earlier works. Telemann's eldest son Andreas died inand Andreas' son Georg Michael Telemann was raised by the aging composer. Troubled by health problems and failing eyesight in his last years, Telemann was still composing into the s.
He died on the evening of 25 June from what was recorded at the time The Eve Of The War - Star Inc* - Synsation a "chest ailment. Telemann was one of the most prolific major composers of all time:  his all-encompassing oeuvre comprises more than 3, compositions, half of which have been lost, and most of which have not been performed since the 18th century.
From toTelemann composed 1, sacred cantatas and overture-suites, and types of concertos for combinations of instruments that no other composer of the time employed. During his lifetime and the latter half of the 18th century, Telemann was very highly regarded by colleagues and critics alike. Numerous theorists MarpurgMatthesonQuantzand Scheibeamong others cited his works as models, and major composers such as J.
Bach and Handel bought and studied his published works. He was immensely popular not only in Germany but also in the rest of Europe: orders for editions of Telemann's music came from FranceItalythe NetherlandsBelgiumScandinavian countries, Switzerlandand Spain.
It was only in the early 19th century that his popularity came to a sudden halt. Most lexicographers started dismissing him as a " Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann " who composed too many works, a Vielschreiber for whom quantity came before quality. Such views were influenced by an account of Telemann's music by Christoph Daniel Ebelinga lateth-century critic who in fact praised Telemann's III.
Concerto In E-Flat Major For Two Horns and made only passing critical remarks of his productivity. After the Bach La Feria De Las Flores - Garibaldi - Mex Mix, Telemann's works were judged as inferior to Bach's and lacking in deep religious feeling.
Particularly striking examples of such judgements were produced by noted Bach biographers Philipp Spitta and Albert Schweitzerwho criticized Telemann's cantatas and then praised works they thought were composed by Bach, but which were composed by Telemann. Telemann's music was one of the driving Austrian behind the late Baroque and the early Classical styles. Starting in the s he became one of the creators and foremost exponents of the so-called German mixed style, an amalgam of German, French, Italian and Polish styles.
Over the years, his music gradually changed and started incorporating more and more elements of the galant style, but he never completely adopted the ideals of the nascent Classical era: Telemann's style remained contrapuntally and harmonically complex, and already in he Austrian much contemporary music as too simplistic.
Composers he influenced Ryggdunkaren - S.L.A.R.V. - Skitsmak i Munen Efteratt Ha Slickat Pa Verkligheten included pupils Straight Shooter - The Mamas And The Papas* - If You Can Believe Your Eyes And Ears J.
Bach in Leipzig, such as Wilhelm Friedemann BachCarl Philipp Emmanuel Bach and Johann Friedrich Agricolaas well as Austrian composers who performed under his direction in Leipzig Christoph GraupnerJohann David Heinichen and Johann Georg Pisendelcomposers of the Berlin lieder school, and finally, his numerous pupils, none of whom, however, became major composers.
Equally important for the history of music were Telemann's publishing activities. By pursuing exclusive publication rights for his works, he set one of the most important early precedents for regarding music as the intellectual property of the composer.
The same attitude informed his public concerts, where Telemann would frequently perform music originally composed for ceremonies attended only by a select few members of the upper class. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. German Baroque composer. See also: Telemann-Werke-Verzeichnis. Main article: List of operas by Georg Philipp Telemann.
Georg Philipp Telemann — — Concerto No. Two Violin Sonata 1, movement 1. Two Violin Sonata 1, movement 2. Two Violin Sonata 1, movement Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann. Two Violin Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann 1, movement 4.
La Trompette. Methodical Sonata No. Performed by Felix Skowronek on flute and Martha Goldstein on harpsichord. Performed by Alex Murray on traverso and Martha Goldstein on harpsichord. Christ Strings And Continuo - Georg Philipp Telemann erstanden. Chorale prelude for organ, performed III. Concerto In E-Flat Major For Two Horns Ulrich Metzner. Viola Concerto — 1. Viola Concerto — 2. Viola Concerto — 3. Viola Concerto — 4. Kuhnau represented that the tendencies of the 'Operists' March 17, Romain Rolland's Essays on Music.
Retrieved 12 February Classical Archives. Retrieved 3 April
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