Label: World Record Club - R-00640,World Record Club - S/4926 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album, Club Edition, Reissue, Stereo • Country: Australia • Genre: Classical • Style: Romantic
The polka is originally a Bohemian dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout all of Europe and the Americas.
It originated in the middle of the 19th century in Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic. Doucha is nothing but an effort to prove the "true Czech folk" origin of polka. The word was widely introduced into the major European languages in the early s.
A related dance is the redowa. Folk music of polka style appeared in written music about The dance was further propagated by Neruda, who put the tune to paper and taught other young men to dance it.
Zibrt writes that when he published this traditional story in in Narodni Listy newspaper, he received a good deal of feedback from eyewitnesses. In particular, he wrote that according to further witness, the originating event actually happened inin Kostelec nad Labemwhere Opus 278 - Robert Stolz & The Berliner Symphoniker - Viennas Golden Age worked as a housemaid. Bythis dance had spread to the ballrooms of Prague.
From there, it spread to Vienna by and in was introduced in Paris by Raab, a Prague dance instructor. It was so well received by both dancers and dance masters in Paris that its popularity was referred Opus 278 - Robert Stolz & The Berliner Symphoniker - Viennas Golden Age as "polkamania.
It remained a popular ballroom dance until the late 19th century, when it gave way to the two-step and new ragtime dances. Polka dancing enjoyed a resurgence in popularity after World War II, when many Polish refugees moved to the US, adopting Jockey Polka - Fast Polka Bohemian style as a cultural dance.
Polka dances are still held on a weekly basis across many parts of the US with significant populations of central European origin. It was also found in parts of South America. There are various styles of contemporary polka besides the original Czech dance, which is still the chief dance at any formal or countryside ball in the Czech Republic.
North American "Dutchmen-style" features an oom-pah sound often with a tuba and banjoand has roots in Opus 278 - Robert Stolz & The Berliner Symphoniker - Viennas Golden Age American Midwest. Traditional dances from this region reflect the influence of polka-dancing European immigrants.
In the s and s, several American bands began to combine polka with various rock styles sometimes referred to as " punk polka"" alternative polka", or " San Francisco -style". In the pampas of Argentina, the "polca" has a very fast beat with a 3 4 time signature. Instruments used are: acoustic guitar usually six strings, but sometimes seven stringselectric or acoustic bass sometimes fretlessaccordion sometimes piano accordion, sometimes button accordionand sometimes some percussion is used.
The lyrics always praise the gaucho warriors from the past or tell about the life of the gaucho campeiros provincial gauchos who keep the common way. The polka was very popular in South and Southwest of Brazil, where it was mixed with other European and African styles to create the Choro.
The polka polca in the Irish language is also one of the most popular traditional folk dances in Irelandparticularly in Sliabh Luachraa district that spans the borders of counties KerryCork and Limerick. Introduced to Ireland in the late 19th century, there are today hundreds of Irish polka tunes, which are most frequently played on the fiddle or button accordion.
The Irish polka is dance music form in 2 4typically 32 bars in length and subdivided into four parts, each 8 bars in length and played AABB. The beats are not as heavy as those from Central Europe and the dance steps and holds also have variations not found further south.
The polka is considered a part of the gammeldans tradition of music and dance. While it is nowhere near as old as the older Nordic dance and music traditions, there are still hundreds of polka tunes in each of the Nordic countries.
While the polka is Bohemian in origin, most dance music composers in Vienna the capital of the vast Habsburg Austro-Hungarian Empirewhich was the cultural centre for music from all over the empire composed polkas and included the dance in their repertoire at some point in their careers. The Strauss family in Vienna, for example, while better-known for their waltzesalso composed polkas that have survived. Josef Lanner and other Viennese composers in the 19th century also wrote polkas to satisfy the demands of the dance-music-loving Viennese.
In Franceanother dance-music composer, Emile Waldteufelwrote polkas in addition to waltzes. The polka evolved during the same period into different styles and tempi. In principle, the polka written in the 19th century has a four-theme structure; themes 1A and 1B as well as a 'Trio' section of a further two themes. The 'Trio' usually has an 'Intrada' to form a break between the two sections. The polka-mazurka is also another variation of the polka, being Jockey Polka - Fast Polka the tempo of a mazurka but danced in a similar manner as the polka.
The final category of the polka form around that time is the polka schnellwhich is a fast polka or Opus 278 - Robert Stolz & The Berliner Symphoniker - Viennas Golden Age.
Eduard Strauss is better known for this last category, as he penned the 'Bahn Frei' polka op. Earlier, Johann Strauss I and Josef Lanner wrote polkas designated as a galop quick tempo or as a regular polka that may not fall into any of the categories above.
The polka was a further source of inspiration for the Strauss family in Vienna when Johann II and Josef Strauss wrote one for plucked string instruments pizzicato only, the "Pizzicato Polka".
Much earlier, he also wrote a "joke-polka" German scherz-polka entitled "Champagne Polka", opuswhich evokes the uncorking of champagne bottles. In the United States, polka is promoted by the International Polka Association based in Chicagowhich works to preserve the cultural heritage of polka music and to honor its musicians through the Polka Hall of Fame.
Polka is also popular in MilwaukeeWisconsinwhere the Beer Barrel Polka is played during the seventh inning stretch Las Clases Del Cha Cha Cha - Manuel Itturia Y Su Combo - Los 12 Mejores Cha Cha Cha halftime of Milwaukee Brewers and Milwaukee Bucks games.
These festivals usually take place in the summer, but there are a few in the winter months. Walter Solek was one of the early polka pioneers starting in the late s.
Recognition expanded when the Grammy Awards were first presented for polka in Polka Varieties was an hour-long television program of polka music originating from ClevelandOhio. The show aired in several U. At that Cookie - Björn Spielmann - Panorama, it was the only television program for this type of music in the US. It was filmed on location in various venues throughout the United States from through For example, out of the five polka albums nominated for an award inonly one album was widely distributed in the mainstream.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Polka music. For the media production company, see Pol-ka. Czech folk music Volksmusik Austrian folk music.
Drum kit tuba semi-acoustic guitar zither accordion trumpet clarinet. Paraguayan polka Slovenian-style polka. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve The Time Of Your Life - Various - Neue Hits 96 International • Das Original • section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Main article: Polka in the United States. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 24 March Knox,14 August quoted in A. Blake, Memoirs of a Vanished Generation Revisiting music theory: a guide to the practicep.
Retrieved 22 Emmanuelle - Franck Pourcel - Emmanuelle The Companion to Traditional Irish Music.
Bowing Styles in Irish Fiddle Playing. Mel Bay Publications, Inc. The Irish Fiddle Book. Music Sales Corporation: New York, p. Opera North. Retrieved Details AllMusic". Archived from the original on 29 June United States Polka Association. Archived from Jockey Polka - Fast Polka original on 28 July Retrieved 20 December Retrieved May 16, Cheektowaga Chronicle.
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