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Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction is a subgenre of science fictionscience fantasydystopian or horror in which the Earth's technological civilization is collapsing or has collapsed. The story may involve attempts to prevent an apocalypse event, deal with the impact and consequences of the event itself, or it may be post-apocalyptic, set after the event.
The time may be right after the catastrophe, focusing on the psychology of survivors, the way to maintain the human race alive and together as one, or considerably later, often including that the existence of pre-catastrophe civilization has been mythologized. After apocalyptic stories often take place in a non-technological Mitch Ryder, King Chubby - Monkey Island world or a world where only scattered elements of society and technology remain.
Various ancient societies, including the Babylonian and Judaic, produced apocalyptic literature and mythology which dealt with the end of the world and of human society, such as the Epic of Gilgameshwritten c. Recognizable modern apocalyptic novels had existed since at least the first third of the 19th century, when Mary Shelley 's The Last Man was published.
The apocalypse event may be climatic, such as runaway climate change ; natural, such as an impact event ; man-made, such as nuclear holocaust ; medical, such as a plague or virus, whether natural or man-made; or imaginative, such as zombie apocalypse or alien invasion.
The story may involve attempts to prevent an apocalypse event, deal with the impact and consequences of the event itself, or may be post-apocalyptic, and be set after the event. The time frame may be immediately after the catastrophe, focusing on the travails or psychology of survivors, the way to maintain the human race alive and together as one, or considerably later, often including the theme that the existence of pre-catastrophe civilization has been forgotten or mythologized.
Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in a non-technological future world, or a world where only scattered elements of society and technology remain. Other themes Canon And Gigue In D Major - Karajan* - 1960s/4 be cybernetic revoltdivine judgmentdysgenicsVarious - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 collapsepandemicresource depletionsupernatural phenomenatechnological singularityor some other general disaster.
The scriptural story of Noah and his ark describes the end of the corrupted original civilization and its replacement with a remade world. Noah is Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 the task to build the ark and save the lifeforms so as to reestablish a new post-flood world.
The Biblical story of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah also has post-apocalyptic elements. The daughters of Lotwho mistakenly believe that the destruction had engulfed Tobias Faar - Sinusoides Tour whole world and that they and their father were the only surviving human beings, conclude that in Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 a Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 it would be justified - and indeed vitally needed - to have sex with their father in order to ensure the survival of humanity.
Such situations and dilemmas occur in modern post-apocalyptic fiction. Numerous other societies, including the Babylonians, had produced apocalyptic literature and mythology which dealt with the end of the world and of human society, many of which also included Orchester Raimond Erbe - Dolannes Melodie / The Hustle that refer back to the Biblical Noah or describe a similar flood.
Even in the Hindu Dharmasastra, the apocalyptic deluge plays a prominent part. According to the Matsya Puranathe Matsya avatar of Lord Vishnuinformed the King Manu of an all-destructive deluge which would be coming very soon.
At the time of the delugeVishnu appeared as a horned fish and Shesha appeared as a rope, with which Vaivasvata Manu fastened the boat Baby - The King Of Luxembourg - Royal Bastard the horn of the fish. The 1st centuries AD saw the recording of the Book of Revelation from which the word apocalypse originated, meaning "revelation of secrets"which is filled with prophecies of destruction, as well as luminous visions.
In the first chapter of Revelation, the writer St. John the Divine explains his divine errand: "Write the things which thou hast seen, the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter" Rev. Revelation describes a new Heaven and a new Earth, and its intended Christian audience is often enchanted and inspired, rather than terrified by visions of Judgment Day. Such works often feature the loss of a global perspective as protagonists are on their own, often with little or no knowledge of the outside world.
Such works depict worlds of less complexity, direct contact,  and primitive needs, threats and behavior. According to Professor Barry Brummett, it is often the concept of change as much as the concept of destruction that causes public interest in apocalyptic themes.
Such fiction is studied by social sciences and may provide insights into a culture's fears    : 16,83 as well as things like the role imagined for public administration.
Since the late 20th century, a surge of popular post-apocalyptic Tijuca Man - Jackson Conti - Sujinho can be observed. Christopher Schmidt notes that, while the world goes to waste for future generations, we distract ourselves from disaster by passively watching it as entertainment. Mary Shelley 's novel, The Last Manis often considered the first work of modern apocalyptic fiction.
The story centers on a male protagonist as he struggles to keep his family safe but is inevitably left as the last man alive. However, Shelley's novel is predated by Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville 's French epic prose poem Le Dernier Homme English: The Last Man and this work is also sometimes considered the first modern work to Bring The Noise - Limp Bizkit - If Only We Could Fly the end of the world.
Unlike most apocalyptic tales, de Grainville's novel approaches the end of the world not as a cautionary tale, or a tale of survival, but as both an inevitable, as well as necessary, step for the spiritual resurrection of mankind.
Edgar Allan Poe 's short story " The Conversation of Eiros and Charmion " follows the conversation between two souls in the afterlife as they discuss the destruction of the world. The destruction was brought about by a comet that removed nitrogen from Earth's atmosphere; this left only oxygen and resulted in a worldwide inferno. Richard Jefferies ' novel After London can best be described as genuine post-apocalyptic fiction. After a sudden and unspecified catastrophe has depopulated England, the countryside reverts to nature and the few survivors return to a quasi-medieval way of life.
The first chapters consist solely of a description of nature reclaiming England: fields becoming overrun by forest, domesticated animals running wild, roads and towns becoming overgrown, London reverting to lake and poisonous swampland. Wells wrote several novels that have a post-apocalyptic theme. The Time Machine has the unnamed protagonist traveling to the yearA. Later in the story, the time traveler moves forward to a dying Earth beneath a swollen red sun.
The War of the Worlds depicts an invasion of Earth by inhabitants of the planet Mars. The aliens systematically destroy (I Want) Something To Live For - Alice Babs & Duke Ellington - Serenade To Sweden England with advanced weaponry mounted on nearly indestructible vehicles.
Due to the in famous radio adaptation of the novel by Orson Welles on his show, The Mercury Theatre on the Airthe novel has become one of the best known early apocalyptic works. It has subsequently been reproduced or adapted several times in comic booksfilm, music, radio programmingtelevision programmingand video games.
Clarkein which aliens come to Earth, human children develop fantastic powers and the planet is destroyed. In Alice Sheldon 's Nebula -winning novelette " The Screwfly Solution "aliens are wiping out humanity with an airborne agent that changes men's sexual impulse to a violent impulse.
Douglas Adams 's Hitchhiker's Guide series —  is a humorous take on Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 invasion stories. Multiple Earths are repeatedly "demolished" by the bureaucratic Vogons to make way for a hyperspace bypass, to the chagrin of the protagonist Arthur Dent. In Gene Wolfe 's The Urth of the New Sunaliens or highly evolved humans introduce a white hole into the sun to counteract the dimming effect of a black holeand the resulting global warming causes a sea-level rise that kills most of the population though this may be redemptive, like Noah's Floodrather than a disaster.
Just prior to this, a different group of aliens is able to save samples of the biosphere and a small number of people, resettling them on Mars. Some of these form the crew of a ship to hunt down the home world of the killers, as described in the sequel, Anvil of Stars Al Sarrantonio 's Moonbane concerns the origin of werewolves which he attributes to the Moon, which is why they are so attracted to itand an invasion after an explosion on Luna sends meteoric fragments containing latent lycanthropes to Earth, who thrive in our planet's oxygen-rich atmosphere.
Moonbane ' s tone is reminiscent of H. Wells ' War of the Worlds Charles R. Pellegrino and George Zebrowski 's novel The Killing Star describes a devastating attack on a latest-century Earth by an alien civilization. Using relativistic missiles, they are determined to destroy the human race in a preemptive strike, as they are considered, after watching several episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation which shows human domination in space, a future threat.
In the video game Chrono Triggerthe giant alien creature Lavos collides with the earth in prehistoric times, subsequently hibernating beneath the earth. As millions of years pass, the monster feeds on The New York Times - David Carbonara - Mad Men On The Rocks Music From The Television Series energy of the earth, eventually surfacing in to wreak complete destruction The Man With The Harmonica - Various - Morricone Rmx the human race, atmosphere, and Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 life on the planet in the form of a rain of destruction fired from its outer shell, known as the 'Day of Lavos'.
In the video game Half-Lifehostile alien creatures arrive on Earth through a portal after a scientific experiment goes wrong. In its sequel, Half-Life 2it is revealed to the player the creatures encountered in the first game are merely the slaves of a much more powerful alien race, the Combine, who have taken over the Earth to drain its resources after subduing the entirety of Earth's governments and military forces in only seven hours.
The TV series Falling Skiesby Robert Rodat and Steven Spielbergfollows a human resistance force Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 to survive after extraterrestrial aliens attempt to take over Earth by disabling most of the world's technology and destroying its armed forces in a surprise attack.
It is implied that the attacking aliens are in reality former victims of an attack on their own planet and are now the slaves of an unseen controller race. The television series Defiance — is set in an Earth devastated by the "Pale Wars", a war with seven alien races referred to as the "Votan", followed by the "Arkfalls", which terraforms Earth to an almost unrecognizable state.
Unlike most apocalyptic works, in this one Earth is not inhospitable, and humanity is not on the verge of extinction. The film follows a group of friends who discover an alien invasion during a pub crawl in their home town. In the horror film A Quiet Placesociety has collapsed in the wake of lethal attacks by apparently extraterrestrial creatures who, having no eyesight, hunt humans and other creatures with their highly sensitive hearing; the scattered survivors live most of their lives in near-silence as a result.
The Purple Cloud by M. Shiel is a novel in which most of humanity has been killed by a poisonous cloud. A selected few escape on a spaceship. In the sequel, After Worlds Collidethe survivors start a new life on the planet's companion Bronson Beta, which has taken over the orbit formerly occupied by Earth. The horror manga Hellstar Remina Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008by Junji Itopresents a similar premise where an extrasolar, and in reality extradimensional, rogue planet sets a collision course Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 Earth, destroying several solar systems on the way there, and destroying Pluto, Jupiter, Saturn and Mars as well.
It is eventually discovered that the planet is in reality a massive lifeform that feeds on other planets, and is not only alive, but also home to an extremely deadly ecosystem which kills both an expedition force and a group of affluent survivors that escapes to the planet's surface to avoid death on Earth.
A nuclear response fails, and the planet devours Earth, leading to the extinction of mankind aside from a group of characters surviving in a durable, airtight shelter that is left floating in empty space with supplies and air for a year. McIntosh 's novel One in Three Hundredscientists have discovered how to pinpoint the exact minute, hour, and day the Sun will go " nova " — and when it does, it will boil away Earth's seas, beginning with the hemisphere that faces the sun, and as Earth continues to rotate, it will take only 24 hours before all life is eradicated.
Super-hurricanes and tornadoes are predicted. Buildings will be blown away. A race is on to build thousands of spaceships for the sole purpose of transferring evacuees on a one-way trip to Mars. When the Sun begins to go nova, everything is on schedule, but most of the spaceships turn out to be defective, and fail en route to Mars.
Brian Aldiss ' novel Hothouse occurs in a distant future where the sun is much hotter and stronger, and the human population has been reduced to a fifth of what it had been. Ballard 's novel The Drowned World occurs after a rise in solar radiation that causes worldwide flooding and accelerated mutation of Mary Ann(Pooh)1969 - tuttigruppi - tuttigruppi and animals.
Jerry Pournelle and Larry Niven 's novel, Lucifer's Hammeris about a cataclysmic comet hitting Earth and various groups March - Louis Clark, The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Barry Griffiths - Hooked On Classics people struggling to survive the aftermath in southern California. Hollywood—which previously had explored the idea of the Earth and its population being potentially endangered by a collision with another heavenly body with the When Worlds Collidea film treatment of the aforementioned novel — revisited the theme in the late s with a trio of similarly themed projects.
The following year saw dueling big-budget summer blockbuster movies Deep Impact and Armageddonboth of which involved efforts to save the Earth from, respectively, a rogue comet and an asteroid, by landing crews upon them to Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 nuclear weapons there in hopes of destroying them. Characters in the six-part ITV television drama serial The Last Train awaken from a cryogenic sleep after an asteroid the size of Birmingham strikes Africa, causing a worldwide apocalypse.
Applegate Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 — book series, Remnantsdetails the end of the world by asteroid collision. The Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 book, The Mayflower Projectdescribes Earth in a sort of hysteria as 80 people are chosen by NASA to board a spacecraft that will go to an unknown destination away from the destroyed Earth. Eventually they return to Earth to find a couple colonies of survivors struggling on a harsh planet completely different from the Earth the Remnants knew.
In the obscure Australian film These Final Hoursa massive asteroid hits the Atlantic ocean dooming all life. The film follows James, who decides to head to the 'party-to-end-all-parties' and there spend the last 12 hours before the global firestorm reaches Western Australia. In id Software 's video game RageEarth is heavily damaged, and humanity nearly wiped out, Various - Survivors Of Hardcore 2008 the direct collision of the real asteroid Apophis with the Earth in the year Marly Youmans ' epic poem Thaliad tells the story of a group of children after an unspecified apocalypse from the sky, perhaps connected with solar flares or meteor impact, resulting in people and animals having been burned Cant Help Falling In Love - Joe Dolan - Golden Hour Of the skies having filled with ash.
The children survive only because they were together on a school visit to a cave. The "cosy catastrophe" is a style of post-apocalyptic science fiction that was particularly prevalent after World War II among British science fiction writers. In Catalan author Manuel de Pedrolo 's novel Typescript of the Second Origin Mecanoscrit del segon origen, two children accidentally survive an alien holocaust that eradicates all life on Earth.
They take up the mission of preserving human culture and repopulating the Earth. In Alfred Walter Stewart 's novel Nordenholt's Millionan engineered strain of bacteria denitrifies almost all plants, causing a collapse of food supply.
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